Formula-one 2018 Remodelled
In Formula one the cars are always designed to their limits but what makes the difference is how well you know the rules. Rulebooks are always made with utmost care to avoid any kind of misuse and foul play. But there always exist some loopholes and gaps that are exploited by the teams to gain an unjust advantage.
Every year the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile(FIA) updates and issues new rules and regulations to make sure that the sport doesn’t lose its charm. To ensure that the participating teams are closely matched and there is a close competition between them.
Formula one 2018 Season
The Teams and the cars that will fight for the title in the 2018 season are:
• Ferrari SF-71H
• Mercedes W09
• Red Bull RB14
• Force India VJM11
• Williams Mercedes FW41
• Mclaren MCL33
• Sauber AlfaRomeo C37
• Renault RS18
• Haas VF18
• Toro Rosso STR 13
This season Some of these loopholes were successfully addressed by the FIA and some distinctive features made an entry for the first time. The main focus of the Regulating body is to ensure the driver’s safety.
Goodbye to T-wings and Shark fins
In 2017 Season the teams exploited the rules to get an aerodynamic advantage. The use of bodywork is not restricted in a region ahead of the rear wing. This was the genesis of extended, shark finned engine covers, combined with T-Wings. The small wings may seem ineffective but they produced an efficient amount of downforce with a complementary function of streamlining the air in front of the rear wing. But the party is now over as the rule has been updated and any such development is now forbidden. To get a clear look.
The red blocks above show where developments were forbidden – but there is a small, central space in between had no restrictions and the teams took full advantage, leading to some extreme solutions. All the teams had their own solution to this opportunity.
Williams employed a double T-wing, while the Force India Renault and McLaren idealized further, experimenting with multiple planes. The shark fins and T-Wings will miss the 2018 season.
Hello to halos
The one change that anyone can spot even if you follow Formula one or not is Halo. Halo is a supporting loop around the driver’s head supported by a central pillar. Halo was first proposed in 2015 taking into account the safety of the driver. But the present designs used in 2018 season are much different than the original proposal by Mercedes in 2015. The dummy modules used by Mercedes earlier were to confirm the sight testing, cockpit access test, and aero evaluation. The mounting of the real device has been a real challenge as the specifications of the static load test came quite late in the day and require it to fatigue and give way, rather than the chassis or its mounting points.
The accommodation of halo has led to an increase of about 14-15 Kg in terms of weight. The weight of car surged up to 728 Kg in 2017 due to the introduction of wider tires, wide bodywork and a larger fuel tank. The minimum weight of the car will go up by 6 Kg to 734 Kg. With the weight of halo being 14 Kg already, it will leave the teams to play with much less ballast.
Here is an image showing the impact forces that the halo must withstand in each direction to pass the FIA Static load test.
The Halo is mandatory according to the design but there is scope for the teams to modify the surface with small aero devices to improve the performance.
The top teams last year tried different set-ups with a small link in the front suspension which was connected to upright, it allowed the teams to cleverly adjust the ride height of the car that improves the aero performance by a massive amount. This setting helped the drivers to vary the ride height throughout the lap depending on the steering angle. The FIA has recently discarded such systems but some changes in height are inevitable. Some of the systems are designed in such a manner that the change is not incidental, improving the cars aerodynamic behavior to a point which would otherwise have been compromised.
From now on the teams have to give proper documentation that shows that the ride height will not change more than 5 mm when the steering moves from lock-to-lock.
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